诗学(英文) (古希腊)亚里士多德.pdf 29页

2020-07-20  阅读次数:

  诗 学

  【古希腊】亚里士多德 编

  辽宁电子图书有限责任公司

  诗 学

  【古希腊】亚里士多德 编

  辽宁电子图书有限责任公司

  2004年7月第 版 2004年7月第 次 印刷

  开本:850 ×1168毫米 1/32 印张:

  字数 : 100千字 印数 : 责任编辑:高志华

  I SBN L-YY-0009/ B83 定价 : 15.00 元

  POETICS|1

  I

  I PROPOSE to treat of Poetry in itself and of its various kinds, noting the essential quality of each, to

  inquire into the structure of the plot as requisite to a good poem; into the number and nature of the parts

  of which a poem is composed; and similarly into whatever else falls within the same inquiry. Following,

  then, the order of nature, let us begin with the principles which come first.

  Epic poetry and Tragedy, Comedy also and Dithyrambic poetry, and the music of the flute and of the

  lyre in most of their forms, are all in their general conception modes of imitation. They differ, however,

  from one another in three respects- the medium, the objects, the manner or mode of imitation, being in

  each case distinct.

  For as there are persons who, by conscious art or mere habit, imitate and represent various objects

  through the medium of color and form, or again by the voice; so in the arts above mentioned, taken as a

  whole, the imitation is produced by rhythm, language, or 'harmony,' either singly or combined.

  Thus in the music of the flute and of the lyre, 'harmony' and rhythm alone are employed; also in other

  arts, such as that of the shepherd's pipe, which are essentially similar to these. In dancing, rhythm alone

  is used without 'harmony'; for even dancing imitates character, emotion, and action, by rhythmical

  movement.

  There is another art which imitates by means of language alone, and that either in prose or v